Odisha among bottom states in terms of access to bare necessities: Eco Survey | Bhubaneswar News – Times of India

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BHUBANESWAR: The Economic Survey Report places Odisha along with Jharkhand, West Bengal and Tripura at the bottom in terms of people’s access to bare necessities like housing, water, sanitation, electricity and clean cooking fuel are concerned. The report, which was tabled in Parliament on Friday, ranked states like Kerala, Punjab, Haryana and Gujarat in the top bracket.
A comparative study of Bare Necessities Index (BNI) between 2012 and 2018 shows that though there has been some improvement in urban areas of Odisha regarding access to minimum necessities, the situation remains unchanged in rural areas.
The BNI index in rural areas puts Odisha in the lowest rung along with states like Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Assam, Manipur and Tripura, the survey report stated. It also placed states like Odisha, Jharkhand and Andhra Pradesh at the bottom on the drinking water accessibility index.

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A comparative study of Bare Necessities Index (BNI) between 2012 and 2018 shows that though there has been some improvement in urban areas of Odisha regarding access to bare necessities, the situation remains unchanged in rural areas.
The BNI index in rural areas puts Odisha in the lowest rung along with states like Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Assam, Manipur and Tripura, the survey stated. It also placed states like Odisha, Jharkhand and Andhra Pradesh at the bottom on the drinking water accessibility index.
Sources in the state panchayati raj and drinking water department said less than 15% rural households have access to piped drinking water. Under the Centre’s Jal Jeevan Mission, the state government has targeted to facilitate piped drinking water to all households by 2024. The state plans to spend around Rs 50,000 crore in the next three years for strengthening drinking water supply to rural households.
Odisha is also among the bottom states in rural sanitation. The sanitation index reflects households with access to latrine for exclusive use, piped sewer system and septic tank. Though there has been some improvement in housing index in urban areas between 2012 and 2018, the situation remained far from satisfactory in rural areas, the report stated. The housing index measures not only the structure of house in terms of pucca or kutcha, but also the quality of housing in terms of type of dwelling unit and independent or not.
The report also said micro-environment has improved in 2018 for all states barring Assam in rural and Odisha and Assam in urban areas as compared to 2012.
The micro-environment index measures the percentage of households living in a dwelling unit with access to drainage without problems of flies/mosquitoes and efforts made by government to tackle such problems.



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